Determination of crustal motions using satellite laser ranging

final report for NASA grant NAG5-1118, February 15, 1989 - December 31, 1991.

Publisher: Center for Space Research, the University of Texas at Austin, Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Publisher: National Technical Information Service, distributor in Austin, Tex, [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va

Written in English
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  • Satellite geodesy.

Edition Notes

Series[NASA contractor report] -- NASA CR-190246., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-190246.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14692753M

In Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) a global network of stations measure the instantaneous round trip travel time of flight of ultrashort pulses of light to satellites equipped with special retroreflectors. This provides instantaneous range measurements of millimeter level precision, which can be used to provide accurate orbits and a variety of. Fifty years ago, NASA announced the first successful tracking of a satellite using a laser, a technique now standard for precisely determining satellite orbits. Crustal Evolution Education Project (CEEP) modules were designed to: (1) provide students with the methods and results of continuing investigations into the composition, history, and processes of the earth's crust and the application of this knowledge to man's activities and (2) to be used by teachers with little or no previous background in the modern theories of sea-floor spreading Author: Edward C. Stoever. Development of the Stability on the Laser System Used at Satellite Laser Ranging Station H. M. Mansour1, A. A. I. Khalil2,*, The energy stability of the laser output can improve the accuracy and reliability of the satellite laser ranging station. The oscillator output picosecond pulses resulting from both the saturable absorber dye and.

DETERMINATION OF ELEVATOR SHAFT UPRIGHTNESS APPLYING THE TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING METHOD URČOVANIE ZVISLOSTI VÝŤAHOVEJ ŠACHTY METÓDOU TERESTRICKÉHO LASEROVÉHO SKENOVANIA Ľudovít Kovanič 1 1 Ing., PhD., Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and GIS BERG Faculty, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, Košice, Slovak Republic. His work covers almost all areas of satellite geodesy: satellite orbit determination, satellite remote sensing, geodetic techniques (laser ranging, GPS, Doris, altimetry, GRACE), gravity field determination, vertical crustal motions, geocenter motion, timevariable gravity and application to Earth mass redistribution, ocean dynamics, ocean. Limitations to testing the equivalence principle with satellite laser ranging performed in the field of the Sun and a factor if they are performed in the field of the Earth. In Sect. 2, we provide the correct theoretical framework for EP tests based on LAGEOS-like satellites, which is that of a 2-body gravitational problem treated in the. Space segment: radio sources. While astronomical VLBI deals with a large variety of objects, such as supernovae, pulsars, blazars, flare-stars, areas of star formation like globules, OH- and H 2 O-maser sources, close and distant galaxies, gravitational lenses, starburst-galaxies, and active galactic nuclei (AGN), geodetic and astrometric VLBI prefers extra-galactic, radio-loud, and Author: Robert Heinkelmann.

Results of determination of the Earth rotation parameters by optical techniques, satellite laser ranging and GLONASS/GPS satellite navigation systems are presented. Design of the nano- and picosecond emitters for laser ranging devices of 2nd and 3rd generation and representation of tracking results are described in Author: B. S. Moghilnitsky, A. S. Tolstikov.   High repetition-rate satellite laser ranging (SLR) offers new possibilities for the post-processing of the range measurements. We analyze 11 years of kHz SLR passes of the geodetic satellite Ajisai delivered by Graz SLR station (Austria) in order to improve the accuracy and precision of the principal SLR data product - normal points. The normal points are calculated by three different Cited by: 7.   Laser-ranged satellite measurement now accurately reflects Earth's tidal perturbations The most precise ever laser satellite measurement method provides new clues to relativity Date: Febru Sośnica, K.; Determination of Precise Satellite Orbits and Geodetic Parameters using Satellite Laser Ranging. Public defense of the doctoral dissertation, 7th .

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Determination of crustal motions using satellite laser ranging final report for nasa grant nag febru -decem \ center for space research the university of texas at austin austin, texas (nasa-cr) oetermination of crustal m_tions using satfllite laser ranging final report t 15 feb.

19b9 - 31 dec. (texas. Get this from a library. Determination of crustal motions using satellite laser ranging: final report for NASA grant NAG, Febru - Decem [United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.;]. Get this from a library.

The determination of crustal motions using satellite laser ranging too Lageos-2 and lageos annual report for FY [Byron D Tapley; Bob E Schutz; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.].

Baseline determination using the short-Arc method. The baselines are the distances and lengths of the chords between projections of the positions of the laser stations on the reference ellipsoid. For the satellite geodesy, it is very important to determine the optimal length of orbital arc along which laser measurements are to be carried by: 3.

Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) as its name suggests ranges (or measures distance) to Earth orbiting satellites using a powerful laser to detect a satellite's variation from its predicted orbit. It is uniquely suited to accurately determining the variation of the Earth's centre of mass, along with the orbit parameters of satellites orbiting the.

The high-quality satellite orbits of geodetic satellites, which are determined using Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) observations, play a crucial role in providing, e.g., low-degree coefficients of Author: Krzysztof Sośnica. For the first time satellite laser ranging (SLR) measurements from LAGEOS are revealing changes in geodetic station positions suggestive of predicted global tectonic plate motions.

A detailed discussion of the latest SLR results is given herein. Since SLR (satellite laser ranging) is one of the most accurate space techniques for monitoring geocentric motion and can directly measure the ground station’s geocentric coordinates and velocities relative to the centre of the Earth’s mass, we proposed to take the vertical velocity of the SLR technique in the ITRF framework as the Author: Xinhui Zhu, Ren Wang, Fuping Sun, Jinling Wang.

The spaceborne laser ranging (or lasering) system provides a method of precise positioning of a large Determination of crustal motions using satellite laser ranging book of points on the earth's surface in a short period of time. That is, a measure of the relative location of geodetic markers from a space platform can maintain horizontal and vertical control to 2 to 5 cm.

At this level of control, small earth surface crustal motions should be by:   Determination of Precise Satellite Orbits and Geodetic Parameters using Satellite Laser Ranging - Ebook written by Krzysztof Sośnica. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices.

Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Determination of Precise Satellite Orbits and Geodetic Parameters using Satellite Laser Ranging. It says what happens on Earth's crust and mantle and why tectonic plates move.

There are few geophysical and geodetic techniques to measure plates' shifts. Some of them based on artificial satellites techniques. This presentation shows results received by two techniques: GPS (global positioning system) and SLR (satellite laser ranging).Author: Katarzyna Kraszewska.

Over twelve years of laser ranging to the LAGEOS spacecraft have enabled the motions of the Earth's crust to be determined at approximately twenty laser tracking sites around the world. These motions show the surface of the Earth to be moving in general accord with the theory of plate tectonics and to deviate from the principle of rigid plates Cited by: 5.

This paper presents a real-time orbit determination (OD)/OP method to realize a smooth transition from optical tracking to efficient debris laser ranging. With the improved orbit predictions of the debris, telescope pointing toward the debris, and distance between the tracking station and the debris, are sufficiently accurate for the DLR Cited by: 4.

Crustal movement is one of the main factors influencing the change of the Earth system, especially in its vertical direction, which affects people’s daily life through the frequent occurrence of earthquakes, geological disasters, and so on.

In order to get a better study and application of the vertical crustal movement,as well as its changes, the foundation and prerequisite areto devise and Author: Xinhui Zhu, Ren Wang, Fuping Sun, Jinling Wang.

Satellite laser ranging (SLR) to LAGEOS acquired during the period has been analyzed to yield estimates of tectonic motion for 22 laser tracking stations situated on seven major plates.

The concept and preliminary results of use of satellite laser ranging for GLONASS accuracy improvement V.V. Pasynkov, M.A. Sadovnikov, V.V. Sumerin, V.D. Shargorodskiy Open Joint-stock Company «Research-and-Production Corporation «Precision Systems and Instruments» RPC PSI.

Abstract. STARE AND CHASE: OPTICAL POINTING DETERMINATION, ORBIT CALCULATION AND SATELLITE LASER RANGING WITHIN A SINGLE PASS Michael A. Steindorfer (1), Georg Kirchner (1), Franz Koidl (1), Peiyuan Wang (1), Alfredo Antón (2), Jaime Fernández (2), Diego Escobar (2), Jiri Silha (3), Klaus Merz (4) (1) Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Lustbuehelstrasse Author: Michael Steindorfer, Georg Kirchner, Franz Koidl, Peiyuan Wang, Alfredo Anton, Jaime Fernandez Sanch.

The LAser GEOdynamic Satellite (LAGEOS) was designed by NASA and launched May 4, It was the first spacecraft dedicated exclusively to high-precision laser ranging and provided the first opportunity to acquire laser-ranging data that were not degraded by errors originating in the satellite orbit or satellite array.

LAGEOS-2, based on the original LAGEOS design, was built by the Italian. 20th International Workshop on Laser Ranging, Potsdam, 9. – Oct. On the principles of satellite-based Gravity Field Determination with special focus on the Satellite Laser Ranging technique Christoph Förste1, Rolf König1, Sean Bruinsma2, Jean-Michel Lemoine2, Christoph Dahle1, Frank Reinquin2 and 1Frank FlechtnerFile Size: 7MB.

Satellite Laser Ranging and the Terrestrial Reference Frame; Principal Sources of Uncertainty in the Determination of the Scale GPS VLBI J.C. Ries Center for Space Research The University of Texas at Austin EGU General Assembly Vienna April Laser ranging to a near-Earth satellite was first carried out by NASA in with the launch of the Beacon-B satellite.

Since that time, ranging precision, spurred by scientific requirements, has improved by a factor of a thousand from a few metres to a few millimetres, and more satellites equipped with retroreflectors have been launched. KurtL. Feigl, in International Geophysics, SLR.

Satellite laser ranging (SLR) measures the round-trip distance between an instrument on the ground and a reflective, massive, spherical satellite in low (– km altitude) orbit. The measurement uncertainty is typically 7 cm in distance, which implies subcentimeter uncertainties in all three vector components of relative position.

A survey of Laser Range Finding Siddharth Jain December 2, Abstract This report provides a informal survey of laser distance measure-ment. Applications of laser range finding are briefly discussed and various techniques for laser ranging such as active laser triangulation, pulsed time-of-flight (TOF), phase shift, FMCW, and correlation are.

About this book Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geodynamics Series, Volume There are times in the history of a science when the evolving technology has been combined with a singleness of purpose to make possible the next great step. Geodesy (/ dʒ iː ˈ ɒ d ɪ s i /) is the Earth science of accurately measuring and understanding Earth's geometric shape, orientation in space and gravitational field.

The field also incorporates studies of how these properties change over time and equivalent measurements for other planets (known as planetary geodesy). Geodynamical phenomena include crustal motion, tides and polar motion. Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) SLR measures the time intervals required for pulses emitted by a laser transmitter to travel to a satellite and return to the transmitting site.

The "range", or distance between the satellite and the observing site, is approximately equal to one half of the two-way travel time multiplied by the speed of light.

astonishing because Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) is emp loyed in geodesy for more than 30 years. The first great success of SLR had already evolved in the ’s, when global tectonic plate motions were measured for the first time by geodetic methods with the necessary accuracy using.

Cox, C., "Time-Variable Gravity Analysis Using Satellite-Laser-Ranging as a Tool for Observing Long-Term Changes in the Earth's Systems (Invited)", Presentation to 13th International Workshop on Laser Ranging, Washington, DC, USA, October Hyde, R., "Some consequences of using very short pulses for Satellite Laser Ranging", Proc.

of the 7th International Workshop on Laser Ranging Instrumentation, Matera, Italy Octoberpublished by OCA/CERGA, Grasse, France p. NASA's Space Geodesy Project (SGP) is a new initiative that started at the end of FY SGP is part of the Earth Science Decadal and the National Research Council study 'Precise Geodetic Infrastructure.' It is a Goddard/JPL partnership with participation from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the University of Maryland.

The long-range goal of the Space Geodesy Project is to build. The portion of the gravity signal relatable to the secular changes in the low-degree zonal components observed with satellite laser ranging to LAGEOS, for example are not, by themselves, sufficient to distinguish post-glacial rebound from other geophysical effects.

The National Academies Press. doi: / including crustal. Precise geodynamic measurements in South America.- Accuracy of GPS in crustal deformation studies: Observation and adjustment design.- Monitoring crustal motion in Papua New Guinea using the global positioning system.- The determination of present-day tectonic motions from laser ranging to LAGEOS.-Pages: The development of new technologies, such as satellite laser ranging systems with sub-centimeter accuracy, high-accuracy Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers designed for use onboard orbiting satellites, and the successful operation of several geodetic satellite missions (e.g., Laser Geodynamics Satellite [LAGEOS] 1 and 2) has led to new.